Jupiter

Jupiter:

  • Also known as the Jovian Giant.
  • It is the largest planet in our solar system.
  • The atmosphere is mainly Hydrogen and Helium which sort of resembles the sun.
  • Distance from the sun 483,682,810 miles (778,412,020 kilometers).
  • Length of year 4331 days.
  • Length of day 9 hours and 56 minutes.
  • Average temperature -234  degrees Fahrenheit (-148 degrees Celsius).
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Asteroids and Comets

Asteroids:

  • Asteroids are rocky remains from the formation of the solar system about 4.6 billion years ago.
  • There are millions of asteroids in the belt.
  • The asteroid belt is between Mars and Jupiter.
  • The size of the belt is estimated about a few hundred feet and a few hundred miles in diameter.
  • There about four different types of asteroids so far known:
  1. Ceres these are the largest that they were classified as dwarf planets.
  2. Gaspra are made up of rocky and metallic minerals.The surface is covered with impact craters which is estimated 200 million years ago.
  3. Vesta are the third largest it has a very complex surface.
  4. Eros is the only asteroid with a very odd shape and it is also found out side the main a asteroid belt.

Comets:

  • Comets are clumps of rocks and cold dirty ice.
  • They orbit very close to the sun but some of them go past Neptune called the Kuiper belt.
  • As the comet goes past the sun it melts a away a bit so a mixture of dust and gas is pushed from the comet by the solar wind.
  • The long tail is called a coma.
  • The tail always points away from the sun.

Planet Mars

Mars:

  • Also known as the red planet.
  • This is a small rocky planet with volcanoes, meteor impacts, shifting of the tectonic plates and gigantic dust storms.
  • Distance from the sun 141,633,260 miles (227,936,640 kilometers).
  • Length of a year 687 days.
  • Length of a day 24 hours 37 minutes.
  • Minimum temperature -125 degrees Fahrenheit (-87 degrees Celsius).
  • Maximum temperature 23 degrees Fahrenheit (-5 degrees Celsius).

Planet Earth-Facts

Venus:

  • This is our home planet and the only planet which inhabits life.
  • It has air, water and land.
  • Distance from the sun 92,955,820 miles (149,597,891 kilometers).
  • Length of year is 365 days, 6 hours and 16 minutes.
  • Length of day 23 hours and 56 minutes.
  • Minimum temperature -126 degrees Fahrenheit (-87.8 degrees Celsius).
  • Maximum temperature 136 degrees Fahrenheit (57.8 degrees Celsius).
  • The atmosphere is made of 78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen and 1% of other gases.

Space-Venus

Venus:

Venus and Earth are similar in size, mass, density, composition, and distance from the sun.This planet is also known as Earth’s sister planet.Venus’s reflective cloud cover makes it one of the brightest in the night sky. In fact these clouds were the very reason astronomers couldn’t see it’s surface.Until 1991-92 when the Magellan orbiter used radar to create a very detailed map.

Venus is covered by a thick, rapidly spinning atmosphere, creating a scorched world with temperatures hot enough to melt lead and a surface pressure 90 times that of Earth. Because of its proximity to Earth and the way its clouds reflect sunlight, Venus appears to be the brightest planet in the sky.

  • Is the second closest to the sun.
  • The planet’s distance from the sun is 67,237,910 miles (108,208,927 kilometers).
  • Length of a year is 225 days.
  • It’s length of a day is 5,832 hours.
  • The average temperature is 864 degrees Fahrenheit (462 degrees Celsius).

Space-Mercury

Mercury:

  • Mercury is the only planet in our solar system which is the closest to the sun.
  • It’s distance from the sun is 35,9830,95 miles (57,909,178 kilometers).
  • The length of a year is 88 days.
  • Length of a day is 1,407 hours and 30 minutes.
  • The min temperature is -279 degrees Fahrenheit (-173 degrees Celsius).
  • The max temperature is 800 degrees Fahrenheit (430 degrees Celsius).
  • Mercury has a diameter of 3,032 (4,880 kilometers).

Riddles

SINGLE MEN
Riddle:
Four men were in a boat on a lake.
The boat turns over, and all four men sink to the bottom of the lake,
yet not a single man got wet!
Why?
Clue:
Don’t think too much.
Answer:
They were all married not single.

THE SAME TEA
Riddle:


A woman was horrified to find a fly in her tea.
The waiter took her cup and went into the kitchen and returned with a fresh cup of tea.
She shouted, “You brought back the same tea!”.
How did she know?
Clue:
Sugar
Answer:
She had put sugar in it before and when she tasted it was already sweet.

MOUTH THAT NEVER TALKS
Riddle:
What can run but never walks.
has a mouth but never talks.
has s head but never weeps.
has a bed but never sleeps.
Clue:
Water
Answer:
A river

MADE UP YOUR MIND
Riddle:
Whoever makes it, tells it not.
Whoever takes it, knows not.
And whoever knows it wants it not.
Clue:
Don’t think too much
Answer:
Counterfeit money

2012- IS IT REALLY ”DOOMS DAY”?

Well  according to the Mayan calender it is; the calender stops at the end of 2012. So because of this i guess it is creating different theories but are any of them true?I don’t really think so.Now here is abit of information on the Mayan calender.The calender was constructed around 250-900 AD by the apparently advanced civilization called the Mayans.The people living in Mayan society exhibited very advanced written skills and had an amazing ability when constructing cities and urban planning.They were most famous for their pyramids and their intricate buildings.The people had a huge impact on Central American culture.Some Mayans still live today who live by their old traditions.

They had many different calenders and thought that time was a like a meshing of spiritual cycles.The calenders had uses such as social; agricultural; commercial and administrative tasks.They believed that each day had a patron spirit signifying that each day had a specific          use.This contrasts greatly with our modern Gregorian calendar which primarily sets the administrative, social and economic dates

Venus Express observation of Venus (ESA)

Most of the calenders were shot, the Tzolk’in calendar lasted for 260 days and the Ha ab’ approximated the solar year of 365 days.The Mayans combined both of the calenders to form the “Calendar Round” which lasted 52 Ha ab’s (around 52 years, or the approximate  length of a generation).In the “Calendar Round” were the trecena (13 day cycle) and the veintena (20 day cycle).This system would be of use when considering the 18,980 unique days over the course of 52 years.In addition, the Mayans also had the “Venus Cycle” since they were keen and highly accurate astronomers they formed a calender based around the  location of Venus in the night sky.It is also possible that they did the same with the other planets in the Solar System.

However, The Mayans had a solution using an innovative method they were able to expand on the Calender Round which only consists of only 52 years.It is possible that they were based on religious belief.The Menstrual Cycle, mathematical calculations using the numbers 13 and 20 as the base units and a heavy mix of astrological myth. The only principal correlation with the modern calendar is the Haab’ that recognised there were 365 days in one solar year (it’s not clear whether the Mayans accounted for leap years). The answer to a longer calendar could be found in the “Long Count”, a calendar lasting 5126 years.Pretty Impressive, huh.The base year for the Mayan Long Count starts at “0.0.0.0.0″. Each zero goes from 0-19 and each represent a tally of Mayan days. So, for example, the first day in the Long Count is denoted as 0.0.0.0.1. On the 19th day we’ll have 0.0.0.0.19, on the 20th day it goes up one level and we’ll have 0.0.0.1.0. This count continues until 0.0.1.0.0 (about one year), 0.1.0.0.0 (about 20 years) and 1.0.0.0.0 (about 400 years). Therefore, if I pick an arbitrary date of 2.10.12.7.1, this represents the Mayan date of approximately 1012 years, 7 months and 1 day.

Now all this is quite amusing but now your wondering what has this got to do with the end of the world? The Mayan Prophecy is based on the assumption that something bad is going to happen when the Mayan Long Count calendar runs out.Experts say that when

Experts are divided as to when the Long Count ends, but as the Maya used the numbers of 13 and 20 at the root of their numerical systems, the last day could occur on 13.0.0.0.0. When does this happen? Well, 13.0.0.0.0 represents 5126 years and the Long Count started on 0.0.0.0.0, which corresponds to the modern date of August 11th 3114 BC. Have you seen the problem yet? The Mayan Long Count ends 5126 years later on December 21st, 2012.

When something ends (even something as innocent as an ancient calendar), people seem to think up the most extreme possiboties for the end of civilization as we know it. A brief scan of the internet will pull up the most popular to some very weird ways that we will, with little logical thought, be wiped off the face of the planet. Archaeologists and mythologists on the other hand believe that the Mayans predicted an age of enlightenment when 13.0.0.0.0 comes around; there isn’t actually much evidence to suggest doomsday will strike. If anything, the Mayans predict a religious miracle, not anything sinister.

Myths are abound and seem to be fuelling movie storylines. It looks like the new Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull is even based around the Mayan myth that 13 crystal skulls can save humanity from certain doom. This myth says that if the 13 ancient skulls are not brought together at the right time, the Earth will be knocked of its axis. This might be a great plotline for blockbuster movies, but it also highlights the hype that can be stirred, lighting up religious, scientific and not-so-scientific ideas that the world is doomed.

Could an asteroid wipe out the Earth? (NASA)

Some of the most popular space-based threats to the Earth and mankind focus on Planet X wiping most life off the planet, meteorite impacts, black holes, solar flares, Gamma Ray Bursts from star systems, a rapid ice age and a polar (magnetic) shift. There is so much evidence against these things happening in 2012, it’s shocking just how much of a following they have generated. Each of the above “threats” needs their own devoted article as to why there is no hard evidence to support the hype.

But the fact remains, the Mayan Doomsday Prophecy is purely based on a calendar which we believe hasn’t been designed to calculate dates beyond 2012. Mayan archaeo-astronomers are even in debate as to whether the Long Count is designed to be reset to 0.0.0.0.0 after 13.0.0.0.0, or whether the calendar simply continues to 20.0.0.0.0 (approximately 8000 AD) and then reset. As Karl Kruszelnicki writes:“…when a calendar comes to the end of a cycle, it just rolls over into the next cycle. In our Western society, every year 31 December is followed, not by the End of the World, but by 1 January. So 13.0.0.0.0 in the Mayan calendar will be followed by 0.0.0.0.1 – or good-ol’ 22 December 2012, with only a few shopping days left to Christmas.