The Paralympics 2012- part 2

Boccia
Boccia is a target sport that tests muscle control and accuracy, demanding extreme skill and concentration at the highest level.Boccia is a tough test of nerve, tactics and skill. Played on a rectangular court by individuals, pairs and teams, the sport offers both tension and excitement, as athletes aim to land balls close to a target ball, across a series of demanding ends.

Events:

  1. Mixed Individual – BC1
  2. Mixed Individual – BC2
  3. Mixed Individual – BC3
  4. Mixed Individual – BC4
  5. Mixed Pairs – BC3
  6. Mixed Pairs – BC4
  7. Mixed Teams – BC1-2

Cycling Road
Paralympic Cycling was originally developed as a sport for blind athletes, who first competed using tandem bicycles. Technological advancements have since opened up the sport to a wider range of athletes; as a result, it is now the third largest sport on the Paralympic programme.

Events:

  1. Men’s Individual H 1 Road Race
  2. Men’s Individual H 2 Road Race
  3. Men’s Individual H 3 Road Race
  4. Men’s Individual H 4 Road Race
  5. Men’s Individual C 1-3 Road Race
  6. Men’s Individual C 4-5 Road Race
  7. Men’s Individual B Road Race
  8. Men’s Individual H 1 Time Trial
  9. Men’s Individual H 2 Time Trial
  10. Men’s Individual H 3 Time Trial
  11. Men’s Individual H 4 Time Trial
  12. Men’s Individual C 1 Time Trial
  13. Men’s Individual C 2 Time Trial
  14. Men’s Individual C 3 Time Trial
  15. Men’s Individual C 4 Time Trial
  16. Men’s Individual C 5 Time Trial
  17. Men’s Individual B Time Trial
  18. Women’s Individual H 1-3 Road Race
  19. Women’s Individual H 4 Road Race
  20. Women’s Individual C 1-3 Road Race
  21. Women’s Individual C 4-5 Road Race
  22. Women’s Individual B Road Race
  23. Women’s Individual H 1-2 Time Trial
  24. Women’s Individual H 3 Time Trial
  25. Women’s Individual H 4 Time Trial
  26. Women’s Individual C 1-3 Time Trial
  27. Women’s Individual C 4 Time Trial
  28. Women’s Individual C 5 Time Trial
  29. Women’s Individual B Time Trial
  30. Mixed T 1-2 Road Race
  31. Mixed T 1-2 Time Trial
  32. Mixed H 1-4 Team Relay

Cycling Track
Paralympic Cycling was originally developed as a sport for blind athletes, who first competed using tandem bicycles. Technological advancements have since opened up the sport to a wider range of athletes; as a result, it is now the third largest sport on the Paralympic programme.

Events:

  1. Men’s Ind.B Sprint
  2. Men’s Ind.C1 Pursuit
  3. Men’s Ind. B Pursuit
  4. Men’s Ind.C2 Pursuit
  5. Men’s Ind.C3 Pursuit
  6. Men’s Ind. C4 Pursuit
  7. Men’s Ind.B 1km Time Trial
  8. Men’s Ind. C1-2-3 1km Time Trial
  9. Men’s Ind.C4-5 1km Time Trial
  10. Men’s Ind. C5 Pursuit
  11. Women’s Ind. B Pursuit
  12. Women’s Ind. C1-2-3 Pursuit
  13. Women’s Ind.C4 Pursuit
  14. Women’s Ind. C5 Pursuit
  15. Women’s Ind.B 1km Time Trial
  16. Women’s Ind.C1-2-3 500m Time Trial
  17. Women’s Ind. C4-5 500m Time Trial
  18. Mixed C1 to 5 Team Sprint
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The Paralympics 2012- part 1

They start on the 29th of August – 9th of September

  Archery
There are 140 athletes in the competition and it takes place at the Royal        Artillery Barracks.

The events happening are:

  • Men’s Individual Recurve – W1/W2
  • Men’s Individual Recurve – Standing
  • Women’s Individual Compound – Open
  • Men’s Individual Compound – W1
  • Men’s Individual Compound – Open
  • Women’s Individual Recurve – W1/W2
  • Women’s Individual Recurve – Standing

Athletics
The largest sport at the Paralympic Games and there are about 1,100 athletes compete for 170 gold medals across track, field and road events.

The events happening are:

  • Women’s 5000m
  • Men’s Club Throw
  • Women’s Long Jump
  • Women’s Discus Throw
  • Men’s Shot Put
  • Women’s 400m
  • Men’s 800m
  • Men’s 1500m
  • Men’s 200m
  • Women’s 100m
  • Men’s 5000m
  • Women’s 200m
  • Men’s 100m
  • Men’s Discus Throw
  • Men’s Shot Put
  • Men’s 5000m – T54
  • Men’s Long Jump – F42/44
  • Women’s Discus Throw – F40
  • Women’s 200m – T46
  • Men’s 100m – T35

2012- IS IT REALLY ”DOOMS DAY”?

Well  according to the Mayan calender it is; the calender stops at the end of 2012. So because of this i guess it is creating different theories but are any of them true?I don’t really think so.Now here is abit of information on the Mayan calender.The calender was constructed around 250-900 AD by the apparently advanced civilization called the Mayans.The people living in Mayan society exhibited very advanced written skills and had an amazing ability when constructing cities and urban planning.They were most famous for their pyramids and their intricate buildings.The people had a huge impact on Central American culture.Some Mayans still live today who live by their old traditions.

They had many different calenders and thought that time was a like a meshing of spiritual cycles.The calenders had uses such as social; agricultural; commercial and administrative tasks.They believed that each day had a patron spirit signifying that each day had a specific          use.This contrasts greatly with our modern Gregorian calendar which primarily sets the administrative, social and economic dates

Venus Express observation of Venus (ESA)

Most of the calenders were shot, the Tzolk’in calendar lasted for 260 days and the Ha ab’ approximated the solar year of 365 days.The Mayans combined both of the calenders to form the “Calendar Round” which lasted 52 Ha ab’s (around 52 years, or the approximate  length of a generation).In the “Calendar Round” were the trecena (13 day cycle) and the veintena (20 day cycle).This system would be of use when considering the 18,980 unique days over the course of 52 years.In addition, the Mayans also had the “Venus Cycle” since they were keen and highly accurate astronomers they formed a calender based around the  location of Venus in the night sky.It is also possible that they did the same with the other planets in the Solar System.

However, The Mayans had a solution using an innovative method they were able to expand on the Calender Round which only consists of only 52 years.It is possible that they were based on religious belief.The Menstrual Cycle, mathematical calculations using the numbers 13 and 20 as the base units and a heavy mix of astrological myth. The only principal correlation with the modern calendar is the Haab’ that recognised there were 365 days in one solar year (it’s not clear whether the Mayans accounted for leap years). The answer to a longer calendar could be found in the “Long Count”, a calendar lasting 5126 years.Pretty Impressive, huh.The base year for the Mayan Long Count starts at “0.0.0.0.0″. Each zero goes from 0-19 and each represent a tally of Mayan days. So, for example, the first day in the Long Count is denoted as 0.0.0.0.1. On the 19th day we’ll have 0.0.0.0.19, on the 20th day it goes up one level and we’ll have 0.0.0.1.0. This count continues until 0.0.1.0.0 (about one year), 0.1.0.0.0 (about 20 years) and 1.0.0.0.0 (about 400 years). Therefore, if I pick an arbitrary date of 2.10.12.7.1, this represents the Mayan date of approximately 1012 years, 7 months and 1 day.

Now all this is quite amusing but now your wondering what has this got to do with the end of the world? The Mayan Prophecy is based on the assumption that something bad is going to happen when the Mayan Long Count calendar runs out.Experts say that when

Experts are divided as to when the Long Count ends, but as the Maya used the numbers of 13 and 20 at the root of their numerical systems, the last day could occur on 13.0.0.0.0. When does this happen? Well, 13.0.0.0.0 represents 5126 years and the Long Count started on 0.0.0.0.0, which corresponds to the modern date of August 11th 3114 BC. Have you seen the problem yet? The Mayan Long Count ends 5126 years later on December 21st, 2012.

When something ends (even something as innocent as an ancient calendar), people seem to think up the most extreme possiboties for the end of civilization as we know it. A brief scan of the internet will pull up the most popular to some very weird ways that we will, with little logical thought, be wiped off the face of the planet. Archaeologists and mythologists on the other hand believe that the Mayans predicted an age of enlightenment when 13.0.0.0.0 comes around; there isn’t actually much evidence to suggest doomsday will strike. If anything, the Mayans predict a religious miracle, not anything sinister.

Myths are abound and seem to be fuelling movie storylines. It looks like the new Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull is even based around the Mayan myth that 13 crystal skulls can save humanity from certain doom. This myth says that if the 13 ancient skulls are not brought together at the right time, the Earth will be knocked of its axis. This might be a great plotline for blockbuster movies, but it also highlights the hype that can be stirred, lighting up religious, scientific and not-so-scientific ideas that the world is doomed.

Could an asteroid wipe out the Earth? (NASA)

Some of the most popular space-based threats to the Earth and mankind focus on Planet X wiping most life off the planet, meteorite impacts, black holes, solar flares, Gamma Ray Bursts from star systems, a rapid ice age and a polar (magnetic) shift. There is so much evidence against these things happening in 2012, it’s shocking just how much of a following they have generated. Each of the above “threats” needs their own devoted article as to why there is no hard evidence to support the hype.

But the fact remains, the Mayan Doomsday Prophecy is purely based on a calendar which we believe hasn’t been designed to calculate dates beyond 2012. Mayan archaeo-astronomers are even in debate as to whether the Long Count is designed to be reset to 0.0.0.0.0 after 13.0.0.0.0, or whether the calendar simply continues to 20.0.0.0.0 (approximately 8000 AD) and then reset. As Karl Kruszelnicki writes:“…when a calendar comes to the end of a cycle, it just rolls over into the next cycle. In our Western society, every year 31 December is followed, not by the End of the World, but by 1 January. So 13.0.0.0.0 in the Mayan calendar will be followed by 0.0.0.0.1 – or good-ol’ 22 December 2012, with only a few shopping days left to Christmas.

London 2012 Olympics – Games

ArcheryNaomi Folkard of Great Britain competes in the women's individual archery in Beijing, 2008

Key facts:
Venue: Lord’s Cricket Ground
Dates: Friday 27 July – Friday 3 August
Medal events: 4
Athletes: 128 (64 men, 64 women)

Archery dates back around 10,000 years ago when bows and arrows were first used as hunting and warfare weapons before it developed in to a competitive activity in medieval England. A tense and testing sport which requires immense reserves of skill and nerve. Archery is now practised in more than 140 countries all around the world.

Did you know?
1) In the 14th century, archery was considered so important to the defence of the nation that an English law made it compulsory for every man aged between seven and 60.
2)At the Athens 2004 Games, archers competed in the Panathinaiko Stadium, where the first modern Olympic Games took place in 1896.The Stadium was built in on the ruins of an ancient stadium built in 329 BC.
3)The coverage of the Atlanta 1996 Games won the ‘Golden Rings Award’ from the IOC for the best Olympic sports coverage.
4)Hollywood actress Geena Davis took part in US trials for the Sydney 2000 Olympic Archery team.
5)The first known Archery competition was organised in Finsbury, London, in 1583. It attracted 3,000 participants.